Tuesday, December 10, 2013

On This Date in Minnesota History: December 10

December 10, 19301 – Secretary of State and former Minnesota U.S. Senator, Frank B. Kellogg, was awarded the 1929 Nobel Peace Prize on this date for “having been one of the initiators of the [Kellogg-Briand] Pact of 1928.”2

“The Kellogg-Briand Pact was signed by Germany, France and the United States on August 27, 1928. The Kellogg-Briand Pact [was] an international agreement in which signatory states promised not to use war to resolve "disputes or conflicts of whatever nature or of whatever origin they may be, which may arise among them". Parties failing to abide by this promise ‘should be denied the benefits furnished by this treaty’.”3

“During the selection process in 1929, the Norwegian Nobel Committee decided that none of the year's nominations met the criteria as outlined in the will of Alfred Nobel. According to the Nobel Foundation's statutes, the Nobel Prize can in such a case be reserved until the following year, and this statute was then applied. Frank B. Kellogg therefore received his Nobel Prize for 1929 one year later, in 1930.”4

Frank B. Kellogg





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