Friday, December 23, 2016

On This Date in Minnesota History: December 23

December 23, 1914 – Saloons in 19 towns in Northern Minnesota have been closed by agents of the Federal Indian Bureau under the terms of the Chippewa Indian Treaty of 1885, according to F. W. Zollman, attorney for the Minnesota Brewers’ Association. In all 72 saloons out of 304 in the territory covered by the treaty have been closed and the department’s activities have ceased for the present. Zollman said that he does not expect to see any more saloons closed in that region for some time at least.

“Only seven of the towns were actually in Indian country,” Zollman said. “They are Walker, Cass Lake, Bemidji, Federal Dam, Bena, Ball Club and Boy River. The department has authority under the treaty to establish a zone outside the actual Indian country in which saloons must close, but not to extend the closing order all over the treaty territory regardless of whether it is Indian country.”

The Princeton Union; “Nineteen Towns Are Dry. Result of Federal Liquor Crusade in Northern Minnesota.”; Dec. 24, 1914; p. 4.


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